Steel Recycling PlantThe world experiences many types of benefits from recycling.

One of the most important things to recycle is steel. It is estimated that people around the world are able to enjoy the benefits of recycled steel on a daily basis. It could be found in the packaging for food items, metal roofs as well as in the cars people drive and more. Steel is a material that can be recycled over and over again. The recycling process does not cause steel to lose any of its innate strength.

Automobile Manufacturers

It is cost effective for automobile manufacturers to use recycled steel during their manufacturing process. It provides a decrease of more than 73 percent in the energy costs required to make new steel. Over 84 million barrels of oil are saved each year as a result of steel recycling. Using recycled steel also leads to a dramatic decrease of space used in landfills. It also keeps more than 700,000 types of non-ferrous metals from being placed in landfills.

Recycling Automobiles

The most commonly recycled consumer product is the automobile. Vehicles that are used, traded and at the end of their usable life are usually recycled. It has been estimated that each year, the steel industry is able to recycle over 17 tons of steel from vehicles that are no longer able to be utilized. This is steel that can be used to manufacture millions of new vehicles. The rate of steel obtained from the recycling of vehicles compared to the amount of steel used to manufacture new vehicles is estimated to be close to 100 percent.

Process Of Recycling Automobiles

Many cars at the end of their usable life are taken to an automobile dismantler. Once there, the reusable parts will be removed. This could include things such as tires, fluids, batteries and more. What is left will then be shipped to a ferrous scrap processor. Here, the steel hulk of the vehicle will be weighed for payment and then unloaded. A scrap yard will put the automobile into the shredder. During this process, iron, nonferrous metal, and steel will be collected. Fluff such as glass, rubber and more will also be collected. Iron and steel are magnetically separated from other items during the recycling process. The iron and steel are then sent to end markets or steel mills. This is where it will be used to produce new steel for manufacturing products.

Construction Steel Recycling

In the construction industry, the rate of steel recycling is estimated to be over 89 percent. This depends on the use of the steel and the type of steel needed to produce a product. In many cases, the steel used for construction may not need to be reprocessed. Doing this will decrease energy use and production of greenhouse gas emissions. The steel and iron components of a vehicle make up approximately 64 percent of it. The rate of recycling for the iron and steel of vehicles in around 100 percent. The most commonly recycled food and beverage container is steel cans. Some countries, such as Belgium, recycle over 92 percent of their steel cans.

Steel Can Recycling

Once a steel can is used, it can be recycled. Many communities have steel can recycling programs. Many of these recycling programs accept such things as empty aerosol cans made from steel, food cans, empty steel paint cans and more. During processing at a waste disposal plant many steel cans are removed from the trash for recycling by using magnets. When this method is combined with voluntary recycling programs, it can ensure a large percentage of steel cans are successfully recycled.

Steel Recycling Technology

There are two common types of technology used to produce steel. Both of these methods require old steel to make new steel. The basic oxygen furnace (BOF) requires up to 35 percent of old steel to produce new steel. This method is able to produce various types of products including fenders for vehicles, soup cans, refrigerator encasements and more. The other method is the electric arc furnace (EAF). This method requires using 80 percent of old steel to produce new steel. The type of products that commonly result from this process is reinforcement bars, steel plates, structural beams and more. This method is used to produce steel for products that require a high level of strength.